Soybean Demonstrations - MACP

Visit Place: Kalptaru Krishi Mandal, Bhivdhanora- Gangapur

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Visit Place: Kalptaru Krishi Mandal, Bhivdhanora- Gangapur

  • Bhivdhanora: Total population: 4000
  • Total Area under cultivation: 1094 Ha
  • Total no of farmers: 1300-1400.
  • Major Kharip Crops: Cotton, Sugarcane, Soybean.
  • Major Rabbi Crops: Wheat, Gram.
  • Irrigation facilities: Boar wells, Wells, Back water of Jaikwadi Dam.
  • Method of irrigation: flood, rain fed irrigation.
  • Drip and Sprinkler irrigation: 1-2% of total area.
  • Reasons: Salty water, investment cost of drip/sprinkler is higher and thus it increases overall production cost and farmers don’t have access of credit facilities for the same.  
  • MACP, Aurangabad identified this place (catchment of Lasur Station-APMC) for Soybean demonstrations. Farmers’ meeting was held and concept of the project and demonstrations were explained.
  • Concept of group formation was explained and promoted through initial training.
  • Farmers were selected in such a way that selection would benefit to socially backward classes.
  • Technology demonstrated is explained later in the report.
  • Concept of Agri Business Promotion Facility (ABPF) under component ‘B’ was explained to farmers by MART officers and farmers groups have taken a leased land from Grampanchayat for formation of Farmers Common Service Center.
    • Total No of Demonstrations: 91 Acres
    • Total expenditure: Rs.2.73 Lakhs.
    • Total No of beneficiaries : 91
    • Critical Inputs: Improved variety, fertilizers etc. (Kit attached with this report)
    • Variety: Market driven variety: JS-335(Foundation Seed- MAHABEEJ)

Technology Demonstratedin MACP Demonstration:

Sr. No. Activity/Technology Comments
1 Selection of Farmers Promoted group farming approach and groups were registered under ATMA agency
2 Farmers Training (Before Sowing) Yes. Date of training: 3/07/2012
3 Seed Treatment Specially prepared liquid seed treatment material Rizophos was used.
4 Sowing Date 10-20 July 2012.
Block level officers and Agri Marketing Expert remained present on some plots for guiding farmers on sowing activity. It was insured that sowing on right time, right spacing. Tractor driven seed drill was used in 50% of the plots.
5 Critical Inputs Seed, Fertilizers-SSP, VSI Multi-micronutrient Spray, Seed treatment material, Quinolphos,
 
6 INM/IPM Approach Yes. Use of effective seed treatment material has saved fertilizers and crop condition was found better even in draught conditions. Also liquid micronutrient was sprayed to ensure better quality of produce.
Bird perches were also erected and Maize was used as a trap crop.
7 Field Day 09 Oct 2012.
8 Market Linkages Farmers aggregated their produce and sold it to local trader after they received an advice on when to sell from MACP Aurangabad. They received Rs 900/- more per quintal.

Impact of INM/IPM Approach: 
  • Use of Seed Treatment Material:A Liquid Rizophospho (bio-fertilizer) was used for seed treatment (snap 2). It helps plants to uptake more amount of nitrogen and also it increases the root nodules of plant and fixes atmospheric nitrogen (up to 25%)to make available to the plants. The phosphobacteria converts the non-available form of phosphorus in the soil into available form to the plants (25%). All the farmers observed that due to use of seed treatment material they saved extra fertilizer application and also they found plant health better than its control plot even in draught condition.
  • se of Multi-micronutrient (liquid): A liquid micronutrient (5 Liter) was distributed as a part of INM demonstration. This helped farmers to increase their yield with least chemical residual impact on soil. Liquid micronutrient was sprayed on leaves, which ultimately had very low residual effects on soil. Many farmers observed that color of soybean leaves (demonstration plot) was lust green when compared with control plots. This indicates that use of multi micronutrient has a significant impact on Soybean crop (snap 6 & 7). Also there was increase in yield of Soybean demonstration plot. Following are contents of multi micronutrients:    
Iron Manganese Zinc Copper Molybdenum Boron
2.5% 1.0% 3.0% 1.0% 0.1% 0.5%
  • Use of Seed Treatment Material:A Liquid Rizophospho (bio-fertilizer) was used for seed treatment (snap 2). It helps plants to uptake more amount of nitrogen and also it increases the root nodules of plant and fixes atmospheric nitrogen (up to 25%)to make available to the plants. The phosphobacteria converts the non-available form of phosphorus in the soil into available form to the plants (25%). All the farmers observed that due to use of seed treatment material they saved extra fertilizer application and also they found plant health better than its control plot even in draught condition.
  • Use of Multi-micronutrient (liquid): A liquid micronutrients (5 Liter) was distributed as a part of INM demonstration. This helped farmers to increase their yield with least chemical residual impact on soil. Liquid micronutrients was sprayed on leaves, which ultimately had very low residual effects on soil. Many farmers observed that color of soybean leaves (demonstration plot) was lust green when compared with control plots. This indicates that use of multi micronutrients has a significant impact on Soybean crop (snap 6 & 7). Also there was increase in yield of Soybean demonstration plot. Following are contents of multi micronutrients:   

 Integrated Pest Management: 

  • Use of disease tolerant varieties: A disease tolerant variety JS-335 was used for demonstration purpose.
  • Use of intercrop: Packets of Maize seed were distributed among the farmers. This maize crop played a vital role of Trap Crop in Soybean.
  • Use of Bird Perches:Bird perches are resting places for predatory birds to rest and to look for preys; such as insect pests of soybean. Predatory birds prefer to look for prey in field crops where they have places to rest. It is one of the economical and environment friendly approaches to control pests. MACP, Aurangabad introduced this concept in this village. Impact observed was demonstration plot was least affected by pests (snap 8, 9 & 10). 
Maharashtra Agriculture Competitiveness Project - Aurangabad
 
Oilseed Crop Demonstration Area 91 Acres Village Bhivdhanora

Crop Soybean JS 335       Block Gangapur

Sr. No. Activity Unit Unit Cost Total no. of Unit Total
MACP
MACP INM/ IPM
1 Soil Testing & AROGYA PATRIKA Per Sample 450 10 4500   4500
2 Seed - Soybean JS 335 (Foundation) Per Demo 30 KG 1350 91 122850 122850  
3 Rizo Phospo 1 Lit 150 91 13650 13650 0
4 SSP 1 Bag 330 91 30030 30030  
5 Micronutrient G- 2 5 Lit 648 91 58968 0 58968
6 Quinolphos 1 Lit 254 91 23114 23114 0
7 Trap  Crop- Maize Nos.     2500 0 2500
8 Bird Perches Nos.     2500 0 2500
9 Field Day Nos. 2782 1 2782 2782 0
10 Operational Cost  --  - -  - - 875 875 0
11 Farmer Training Nos. 5000 2 10000 0 10000
12 Board & Success Story  --  - -  - - 2032 0 2032
Total 273801 193301 80500

Sr. Block Demo Crop Total Farmers SC’s ST’s OBC Women Gen
No. /NT
1 Gangapur Oilseed Soybean 91 1 4 6 18 62


1.       Farmers Meeting and Training at Bhivdhanora.


2.       Seed Treatment on farm demo at Bhivdhanora. 


3.       Soybean sowing under the guidance of AME-MACP, Aurangabad. 


4.       Field visit of AME, BTM(ATMA). 


5.      Soybean Crop at Bhivdhanora. 


6.      Soybean pod at pre mature stage. 


7.      Soybean crop. 


8.      IPM practices on field. Maize crop used as trap crop. 


9.      IPM practices on field. Maize crop used as trap crop. 


10.      Bird perches and Maize crop used under IPM practices. 


11.      Intercultural operation and visit of Nodal officer-PIU Agri Pune to Bhivdhanora. 


12.      Farmers Meeting at Bhivdhanora by Nodal Officer-PIU Agri, Pune. 


13.      Field Day- Experience sharing by farmers. 


14.      Soybean at harvesting stage. 


15.      Harvested soybean. 


16.      Soybean harvesting by women farmer. 

Comparison of Demonstration Plot and Control Plot
 
Sr.no Farmers Name Survey No. Area (Acre) Yield Data
Demo Plot
Qtls/acre
Yield Data
Control Plot
Qtls/Acre
1 Mr. Suresh Ankush Chavan 149 1.00 10.00 7.00
2 Mr. Ramnarayan Pandurang Ghotkar 191 1.00 9.50 7.50
3 Mr. Annasaheb Uttam Chavan 208 1.00 9.80 7.00
4 Mr Pandurang Pandharinath Dube 250 1.00 8.50 6.80
5 Mr Vilas Pandurang Satale 267 1.00 9.00 7.50
6 MrJanardan Fakir Chavan 246 1.00 10.00 7.00
7 Mr Rahul Pandurang Satale 267 1.00 10.50 8.00
8 Mrs. Ranjana Anil Satale 265 1.00 9.00 7.00
9 Mr. Yaqub Pathan 183 1.00 9.50 6.50
10 Mr. Surajlal Jaiswal 263 1.00 10.00 7.90
    Avg. Yield 9.58 7.22

Table of Expenditure and Income

  • Thus from above table it can be seen that using INM/IPM approach farmers were able to save their money and resources. Also they contributed for environment protection by using eco friendly and environment friendly agriculture technologies.
  • Total investment on Soybean project (91 acres) = Rs. 2,73,801/-
  • Total savings per project= 91*348= Rs.31,688/- (a)
  • Total profit per project= 91*8388= Rs. 7,63,308/- (b)
  • Total money brought back into this village economy= Rs 7,94,976/- (a+b)

 

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