Baseline Survey

For each sub-component under MACP, baseline figures have been taken on the basis of the available data and considering the possible growth under each activity targets for each project year have been worked out. The results of the activities will be measured in terms of reference framework and the targets fixed will be used to monitor the implementation and evaluate the performance of various activities under the project.

The baseline survey will need to measure baseline values of all the indicators in the project Arrangement for Result Monitoring as well as values of additional indicators as agreed with the PCU. Baseline values will need to be compiled for performance indicators for every component and sub-component of the project.

In order to enable an impact evaluation of the project it is critical that the sample design for the baseline survey includes controls. The controls will include markets, villages and households in Talukas where no MACP activities are being implemented. The consultants will be responsible for determining the final breakdown of treatment versus control markets and households to ensure statistically meaningful comparison can be made. Control markets and villages should have similar socio-economic characteristics to the treatment sample. Propensity score, or other matching methods, will need to be used to assess the validity of the controls in the analysis of the baseline data. Probability sampling must be used to select a sample such that it will allow statistically robust estimates of difference in key parameters of interest.
Specific tasks related to the baseline survey:

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For each sub-component under MACP, baseline figures have been taken on the basis of the available data and considering the possible growth under each activity targets for each project year have been worked out. The results of the activities will be measured in terms of reference framework and the targets fixed will be used to monitor the implementation and evaluate the performance of various activities under the project.

The baseline survey will need to measure baseline values of all the indicators in the project Arrangement for Result Monitoring as well as values of additional indicators as agreed with the PCU. Baseline values will need to be compiled for performance indicators for every component and sub-component of the project.

In order to enable an impact evaluation of the project it is critical that the sample design for the baseline survey includes controls. The controls will include markets, villages and households in Talukas where no MACP activities are being implemented. The consultants will be responsible for determining the final breakdown of treatment versus control markets and households to ensure statistically meaningful comparison can be made. Control markets and villages should have similar socio-economic characteristics to the treatment sample. Propensity score, or other matching methods, will need to be used to assess the validity of the controls in the analysis of the baseline data. Probability sampling must be used to select a sample such that it will allow statistically robust estimates of difference in key parameters of interest.
Specific tasks related to the baseline survey:

  • Developing an appropriate sample design (this will include developing the sampling methodology, sampling stages & strata, the sample frames, the system for selecting the sampling units and the procedures for the calculation of the expansion factors for the sample to the universe); 
  • Develop and finalize baseline survey questionnaires;
  • Arranging for the questionnaires to be translated into relevant languages (Marathi)
  • Field test the questionnaires;
  • Incorporating revisions to the questionnaire after field testing the questionnaires;
  • Hiring and training the field supervisors and enumerators;
  • Planning the field work logistics;
  • Conducting a pilot survey and revising the questionnaire based on the findings of the pilot survey;
  • Preparing survey implementation and questionnaire documentation;
  • Supervising survey implementation and ensuring quality control;
  • Developing the data entry program, supervising the project database and arrange for data cleaning and entry
  • Analyze and report the findings of the survey and provide datasets and final documentation.
Draft Report on the Sampling Strategy: The consultants will need to prepare a draft report on the sampling strategy including details on the proposed methodology and the sample frame and how the sample design will be implemented in the field and the methodology (formulas) for the calculation of expansion factors for the sample to the universe. The draft report will need to be discussed in detail with the MACP PCU. Once the report on the methodology for the sample design is finalized and cleared by the MACP PCU the consultants will develop the sample frame and select the sampling units. Once the sampling units have been selected, an initial set of expansion factors should be computed. A final report on sample design will be prepared with all details of the sampling methodology, development of the sample frame and calculation of expansion factors. The final report on sample design will need to be cleared by MACP PCU before commencement of the field survey. 

Draft Survey Instrument: The consultants will finalize the data to be collected in the baseline survey after discussion with the PCU and PIUs. The draft survey instrument (in English) will be shared with the PCU and cleared before the field testing. After the field testing, the questionnaire should be translated into Marathi and piloted in the field. Some representatives of the MACP PCU may participate in the field testing and pilot as observers. After the pilot, final revisions will need to be made to the questionnaire and cleared with the PCU before the actual survey can be implemented in the field.

Fieldwork Progress Reports: The SP will prepare the brief fieldwork progress reports for the PCU at the end of each month. The report will include the number of surveys competed, problems encountered and how they were resolved (for example, the number of replacement households and why they were necessary) and the number of questionnaires entered in the data entry software. Replacement households/traders will be identified during the sample design. No deviation from the sample design will be permitted in the selection of replacements.

Sample Surveys of Markets with respect to Transaction Costs: The M&E Agency will undertake sample surveys of the markets of the existing transaction costs, both official and unofficial, in APMCs. The agency will carry out these surveys at baseline, at MTR and at project end in order to establish whether additional regulation, transparency and competition have reduced these transaction costs. (IFPRI Delhi have developed the survey and analysis techniques for measuring the transaction costs within APMCs from their work in markest in Bihar and Uttarakhand – Contact Bart Minten at B.Minten@cgiar.com. M&E Consultant may use the results of this study while designing the survey.)

The firm will be responsible for all data entry, data cleaning, database management, as well as coding open-ended questions, and verification of the data. An ASCII version of the data as well as a complete data set including all variable names, descriptions and value labels prepared in a commonly used software package (either STATA or SPSS) will be provided to GoM within 1 month of the end of field work. Data from the GPS readings should be provided in a GIS shape file.

The Project Development Objective (PDO) and overall objectives of MACP: The Project proposes to improve the productivity and quality of produce in agriculture and allied sector by various interventions. The objective of better and reasonable returns to the farmer of his produce can be achieved if the farmer access to the markets is improved. This has been proposed to be achieved by infrastructure development and creating alternative marketing channels. The Project Development Objective (PDO) is “To increase agricultural productivity, profitability and market access of the farming community of Maharashtra”.
 
Components and Sub-components

  • Component A: Intensification and Diversification of Market led Production
 A1: Market-led Agriculture Technology Transfer
 A2: Agri Business Promotion Facility
 A3: Market Information Services
 A4: Livestock Support Services
  • Component B: Improving Farmer Access to Markets
B1: Promoting Alternative Markets
   B1.1: Product Aggregation and sale through Producers’ Association
   B1.2: Warehouse Receipts Development
   B1.3: Rural Haat Markets
   B1.4: Introducing e-Marketing Platform
B2: Modernizing Existing Markets
   B2.1: Modernizing Wholesale Markets
   B2.1: Upgrading Livestock Yards
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