1. As part of project preparation, an Integrated Environmental and Social Assessment Study (IESA) was undertaken with an aim to provide inputs into the design of MACP in accordance with the World Bank Operational Guidelines through identification of key environmental and social issues arising out of the proposed Project activities and mainstream the social and environmental management measures in all stages of the project cycle. The study developed a Environmental and Social Management Framework (ESMF) to ensure that:
i) Environmental and social considerations are fully mainstreamed in project planning, implementation and monitoring; and
ii) The potential adverse impacts are adequately mitigated and potential benefits of the project are further enhanced to improve the effectiveness and sustainability of the project.
Environmental and Social Perspectives of the Project
2. The overall assessment of the MACP intervention proposals in terms of environmental and social considerations is positive. The assessment shows that while there is very low risk of negative environmental and social impacts, there are high positive social impacts and opportunities to enhance the environmental performance through the project. Summary of the findings are as follows:
i. Majority of the interventions proposed are not new, efforts are to improve the existing practices and consequently spatially and temporally limited impacts may occur. Mitigation measures are proposed in the report to contain / minimize / reverse any adverse impacts.
ii. Sites proposed for infrastructure are in close proximity to the centre of production and accessible through all weather roads.
iii. Land required for the project does not come under forestland or protected area and any upgrading of existing marketing facilities will not result in any major land use change or disturb any natural habitat outside the protected areas.
iv. Improved markets could witness increased farm produce being traded and management of solid / organic waste could be an issue. Measures have been