C. 2 Environment and Social Management

1.   As  part  of  project  preparation,  an  Integrated  Environmental  and  Social  Assessment  Study (IESA) was undertaken with an aim to provide inputs into the design of MACP in accordance with the World Bank Operational Guidelines through identification of key environmental and social issues arising out of the proposed Project activities and mainstream the social and environmental management measures in all stages of the project cycle. The study developed a Environmental and Social Management Framework (ESMF) to ensure that:

i)   Environmental  and  social  considerations  are  fully  mainstreamed  in  project  planning, implementation and monitoring; and

ii)  The  potential  adverse  impacts  are  adequately  mitigated  and  potential  benefits  of  the project are further enhanced to improve the effectiveness and sustainability of the project.

Environmental and Social Perspectives of the Project

2.   The overall assessment  of the MACP  intervention  proposals  in terms of environmental  and social considerations  is positive.  The assessment  shows that while there is very low risk of negative  environmental   and  social  impacts,  there  are  high  positive  social  impacts  and opportunities to enhance the environmental performance through the project. Summary of the findings are as follows:

a)   Environmental:

i.   Majority of the interventions  proposed  are not new,  efforts are to improve  the existing practices and consequently spatially and temporally limited impacts may occur. Mitigation measures are proposed in the report to contain / minimize / reverse any adverse impacts.

ii.  Sites  proposed  for infrastructure  are in close  proximity to the  centre of production  and accessible through all weather roads.

iii. Land required  for the project does not come under forestland  or protected  area and any upgrading of existing marketing facilities will not result in any major land use change or disturb any natural habitat outside the protected areas.

iv. Improved markets could witness increased farm produce being traded and management of solid  / organic  waste  could be an issue.  Measures  have  been