proposed in the report to address management of solid / organic wastes.
v. Better access to markets could drive on farm practices that increase yields resulting in increased use of fertilizers and pesticides. An Integrated Nutrient / Pest Management (INPM) strategy has been developed for the project and included as part of ESMF.
vi. Opportunities exist to enhance the positive environmental impacts by using alternative and environmentally friendly materials and approaches for conservation of natural resources.
i. Project interventions do not create issues related to physical displacement and consequently involuntary resettlement. For the first year sub-project sites covered under IESA, the required land is mostly public land (held with line departments / local government or community bodies) and acquisition of private land is not envisaged for the proposed project interventions. However, for any unanticipated adverse impacts measures have been defined in the report for dealing with the Resettlement and Rehabilitation (R&R) issues.
ii. The project interventions do not result in any adverse impact on the local communities.However, the proposed environmental and social management framework includes measures to help the local population (particularly the vulnerable among them) to access project benefits.
iii. Positive indirect effect on health and education status among primary stakeholders has been brought out in the study.
iv. The project interventions will have positive impacts in terms of the increased accessibility to the market infrastructure and marketing facilities.
Environmental and Social Management Framework (ESMF)
3. The ESMF is developed to incorporate environmental and social safeguards into the main project planning, execution and operation. It will be applied to all the sub-projects in different stages of the project cycle. The framework has been suggested considering three broad stages of project cycle viz. project preparation, project implementation and project operation. The ESMF also incorporates key issues pertaining to gender equity, tribal development, capability building and institutional arrangement.