There are various policies and Acts of the Central Government (GoI) as well as GoM dealing with the management of agriculture produce marketing as well addressing environmental and social concerns. The present chapter gives an overview of the policy framework at the national and state levels specific to the agriculture sector relevant for this project and the management of social and environmental issues. In addition, the World Bank safeguards policies are discussed, in order to assess the adequacy of the existing (GoI and GoM) policy regulations. Based on the gaps so identified, suggestions have been made in the existing policies/regulations to comply or to be in conformity with the Bank’s requirement on addressing the environmental and social issues of the activities under the proposed project.
3.2.1 Environmental Acts and policies :
Various national Acts like Water (prevention and control of pollution) Act 1974, Air (prevention and control of pollution) Act 1981, Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 and EIA Notification, 1994 exist for the protection of environment. The following Table summarizes the relevance of these on the project.
|Act/Rule/Policy||Brief introduction of the Act/Rule/Policy||Relevance to the Project|
|I Environmental Acts and policies|
|Environment Protection Act (EPA) 1986||EPA (1986) is an umbrella Act that provides for introduction of various regulations aimed at environmental conservation and protection.||
The project may have investments on dairy plants, bulk chillers, fish processing units that may require clearances from the State Pollution Control Boards (SPCB )
|Water (prevention of pollution) Act||This Act provides for maintaining or restoring wholesomeness of water, establishment of Boards conferred with powers and assigned with functions relating to prevention and control of water pollution. The Central and State Pollution Control Boards have been set up to implement this Act.||
The project may have investments on market infrastructure, livestock market yards, food processing, fish processing units that may increase the sewage emanating