Chapter IV – Environmental and Social Impacts

the project’s success is also critically dependent on the active participation by primary producers

2. Vulnerable groups
(i) Women
(ii) Marginalized communities
(iii) Small scale players

Play an important role in production, aggregation, preliminary processing and local sales, esp. in fisheries sector, but often marginalized in organized set up
Often landless or subsistence farmers – linkage to markets very weak and very limited role in current supply chain except as labourers.
Most exploited in the supply chain, have limited access to market and also fail to have a significant say in the current institutional set up.

Potentially synergistic if the project makes special provisions to ensure women’s participation in the decision making process at the ground level; can turn negative if project institutions are biased against women.
Stand to gain indirectly from the income increase to the primary producers; potential conflicts if the project supported institutions neglect their representation and/or their interests not addressed.
Stand to benefit the maximum from the project supported market linkages, but need to make special provisions for their equitable participation in the project activities and share in the benefits

3. Supply chain players
(i) Traders
(ii) Transporters
(iii) Labourers (loading/unloading)

Play a critical role in supply chain, provide informal financing to small farmers and take working capital risk.
Critical for the fresh produce to reach market on time, for loss in transit and in providing market access.
Play significant role both at production center and at market in reducing loss

Potentially conflicting role as they may see project created institutions as rivals.
Potential conflicting role as infrastructure created by project may eat into their margin.
Potentially conflicting role as project supported infrastructure development may reduce the labour requirement