Chapter IV – Environmental and Social Impacts

  1. would be useful for the project to monitor the crop diversity in the region and take corrective measures if required.

  • Monitor cropping diversity in the region. Data on area under food and commercial crops could be obtained through secondary sources like the Agriculture Department.

4.5.2    Discussion on social issues
Improvement of infrastructure at APMC and modernization of operations is expected to have a positive impact in the entire agricultural value chain and help farmers to get a better price. But the degree to which this can be realized is dependent on the market system and efficiency of the supply chain. For the sites covered under IESA, the study team found that there is no requirement of land acquisition for this component, and therefore, there are no significant negative/adverse social impacts, neither physical nor economic displacement. However, there are issues (discussed below) that could be focused to ensure that the positive social impacts of the proposed measures are enhanced.

  1. Land: Modernization of APMC infrastructure as proposed in the MACP would require between one to two acres of land (depending on which component is implemented in the APMC). Each of the visited APMC had adequate area with in their own existing premises for the proposed market modernization program, so no new land needs to be acquired for this intervention. 

  • Identify the exact plot with in the APMC premises which will be utilized for the modernization purpose and demarcate it for the construction purpose.

  1. Participation by smaller farmers: Small farmers find it difficult to bring their produce to the APMC as the transaction time and transportation costs do not work out well for them. But the numbers of small farmers who do bring their produce to APMC need to sell their produce as quickly as possible so that they can get back to their village. In such a case additional processing like grading and sorting