Chapter V – Environmental and Social Issues and Mitigation Measure

system without any treatment. Water usage is likely to double with new facilities.
  • Mixing of sewage with other sources, particularly during monsoons. Creating health hazard for users.
  • In large market yards ensure preparation of proper drainage system and set up primary treatment facility before letting out sewage.
Table 1e: Component III – Development of livestock market yard
Fodder Presently there is no policy and actions for increasing fodder production. In absence of inadequate quality fodder, animals are left for open grazing degrading the already stressed pastures, fallow land and farmland
  • Increase in incidence of open grazing
  • Further degradation of common pastures and grasslands
  • Threat to nearby forest or natural habitats due to increased grazing
  • Encourage stall feeding of milch cattle
  • Encourage farmers to reduce unproductive cattle
  • Provide assistance to farmers for fodder production
  • Dovetail with other schemes that support fodder production by planting native grasses on farm bunds, common fallow, waste and pasturelands
Communicable animal diseases
(common with social assessment – as it is an issue for both environmental and social implication)
There is no screening mechanism and vet care facilities in the livestock market yards. With increased volume of trade because of better facilities, the vulnerability to communicable disease outbreak is likely to increase.
  • Out break of any communicable disease or infection will make the entire region vulnerable.
  • Set up veterinary care facilities at each market yard.
  • Animal husbandry department has schemes to provide vaccination as well as treatment services at very reasonable rates –the project need to invest in these. It should just create the facility for the use by AHD.
  • Make animal screening mandatory at entry points (along with the entry fee).
Drainage and hygiene Livestock market yards visited hardly had any drainage facilities – pictorial evidence included in the report.
  • Lack of hygiene creates vulnerability to health hazards for participants in the market yard.
  • Problem of