The project management unit of MSAMB needs to take a number of measures to ensure proper implementation of the ESMF and the strategies outlined there. It needs a systematic institutional arrangement which is entrusted with the responsibility of ensuring compliance of the project components as per the ESMF.
7.1 Environmental and social cell
The findings of IESA have clearly underlined the need to have a separate Environment and Social Cell (ESC) within the project. This cell should be located in the Project Directorate. The ESC should include social and environmental experts reporting directly to the Project Director (from the nodal implementing agency, MSAMB). This Cell shall work closely with the PIUs of the respective line departments (involved in the project implementation) and ensure that the project interventions are consistent with the agreed ESMF described in the earlier chapter and that all the project activities (planning, implementing and operation) are in conformity with the agreed strategies of the project including Pest, soil and nutrient management, R&R, gender and tribal development, stakeholders consultation and participation, etc.
At the individual PIU (project implementation unit) level, there should be a dedicated resource person focusing on environmental and social issues related to the project. There is a need to involve local NGOs in mobilization of communities and also to spread awareness to project communities, particularly marginalized groups like tribal and women.
7.2 Monitoring and evaluation
As a part of the assessment, the study team has developed indicators for each sub-project component covered in the study for the environmental and social assessment. These indicators were shared with the MSAMB team and a consensus was generated after discussion on the indicators for the project. These indicators are attached as Appendix G. Core indicators include, among others, changes in land use; equity in participation and benefits to women, marginalized community groups and small scale players;